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OCTOBER2013VOLUME3ISSUE7PhotobyMyronBeckSEEINSIDEFORINSTRUCTIONSTODOWNLOADAPDFORTOPRINT 2INTHISISSUEPageTheWrittenRecordShapesAllButItsGoingAway...................................................................................................3ShowDealerSpotlightCharlieSmith..............................................................................................................................4LindasFeedBagThaiSeafoodSoupbyRobinIreland.................................................................................................8EmptySaddle.....................................................................................................................................................................9ALittleCowboyPoetrybyBobFrost...........................................................................................................................10BarbaraLouiseSchmitt...................................................................................................................................................12FromOurReaders...........................................................................................................................................................13TheLastoftheB-WesternMuseums.............................................................................................................................14ReelCowboysofWesternCinemaJohnWayne............................................................................................................16UpcomingEvents............................................................................................................................................................24CoverPhotobyMyronBeck2013www.myronbeck.comSmokeSignalsRanchReataRadioYourWesternInternetRadioStationHighNoononFacebookDidYouKnowHighNoonMusicBoxDontmissexcitingWesternvideosnowavailableonYOUTUBESubscribenowtotheHighNoonandDenverOldWestYOUTUBEchannelsandreceiveemailnotificationswheneverwepostnewcontenthttpwww.youtube.comuserHighNoonAuctionshttpwww.youtube.comuserdenveroldwestSocialMediaNewsIfyoulikeSmokeSignalspleaseLIKEusatfacebookHighNoonWesternAmericanaHighNoononFacebook1The1955movieSmokeSignalwasfilmedontheHauerRanchontheColoradoRivernearMoabUtah.Itwasamajorproductionwithafortandtheriverplayingimportantrolesinthefilm.ThankyouJohnHauerforthisinterestinginformation.2AnywhereanoutlawrodetoavoidbeingseenwasknowasanOwlHootTrail.Anowlhootsatnightsoowlhoottrailimpliesthatthefolkswhotraveledtheretendedtodosoundercoverofdarkness.Herideswheretheowlhoots.3AtypeoflongquirtorRomalPronouncedro-MAHLisusuallymadeofleatherorrawhideandattachedtothemiddleofasetofclosedreins.AboutfourtofivefeetlongtheRomalisnotdesignedforstrikingthehorsebutrathertoassistinmovingcattle.HIGHNOONYoucandownloadapdforprintusingthetoolbaratthebottomofthewindow.SmokeSignalsDownloadorPrintdownloadprint 3OCTOBER2013WetalkaboutfuturegenerationsembracingtheWesternAmericanaworldbutIthinkitsimportantforeveryonetoreallythinkaboutwhatsaheadandourchallengesasagroup.TheWrittenRecordShapesAllButItsGoingAway...ByJayneSkeffInthiscountrythereislikelynoothergroupaspassionateaboutthehistorybehindantiquesandartifactsthanthosewhohavechosentoembracetherichWesternAmericanheritage.Youloveitandyouliveit.Youreadextensivelyandprovenanceisdeeplyrespectedifnotinfactdemanded.Itsaboutwhatstillexiststodaythatwascreatedbythosebraveundauntedindividualswhocamebefore.Nowconsiderthathavingthehistoricalknowledgewithprovenanceforwhatremainsandhowthatfuelsmorevalueforthosepieces.Itsthewrittenwordthewrittenjournalsthesignaturesthenotesscrapsofoldpaperwithquicklyjottedwritings.Thesearethefoundationsthatfuelourpassionsustainandincreasethevalueandenrichthehistory.TheimportanceofthewrittenwordreallyhithomebackinJunewhenPBSairedanencorepresentationofKenBurnsTheVoyageoftheCorpsofDiscoverytwo-partseriestracingthefouryearjourneyandexplorationofLewisandClarkintotheunchartedWest.ThroughoutthefourhoursoriginalpagesofthewritingsinthejournalsofMeriwetherLewisandWilliamClarkandmanyintheirpartywerevisualontheTVscreentoread.Byseeingtheirwrittenwordsandreadingthemitgaveadeeperandpersonalcontactwiththeincredibleexperiencestheyhad.Theykeywordhereiswritten.Writtenincursiveisexactlyhowthemajorityofimportanthistoricdocumentswerecreatedandrecordedtoday.TheywereNOTprintedinblockletterstheywerewrittenincursive.Wetakeitforgrantedandreadtheseoriginaldocumentsfuriouslytogainmoreknowledgeandlearnabouttheantiquesandartifactsweholdinourhandsandthepeoplethatcamebefore.AquickjourneyintoanyarchivesthroughGoogleoranactualbrickandmortarlibraryfindshistoricdocumentsarecursivelywritten.ButwhatifreadingandwritingcursivenolongerexistedSoundscrazybutthatswhatscomingdownthepikesotospeak.AsImsuremanyofyouareawarecursivewritingandconsequentlycursivereadingisnolongerbeingtaughtinmanyschools.Americanchildrenoverallarenotlearningtoreadorwritecursivelyanylonger.Theramificationsofthisaredaunting.WhenwearealltogetherattheHighNoonShowandAuctionorjustchattingonthephoneanunderlyingmissionforallofusisatourcorethatthehistoryandthelegacyoftheAmericanWestliveonandgrowstronger.Buthowwillthishappenforgenerationstocomecontinuedonpage4 4SmokeSignalsTheWrittenRecordcontinuedfrompage3ThinkaboutsomethingasbasicastheoriginalDeclarationofIndependence.Itsentirelywrittenincursive.WhatwillthephraseIneedyourJohnHancockmeantogenerationstocomeWilltheyevenbeabletoreadthesignaturesofJohnHancockorforthatmatterdiscernthesignaturesofartistslikeFredericRemingtonandCharlesRussellHowwilltheybeabletoreadtherichjournalsofLewisandClarkorthedesperatewritingsoftheDonnerParty.HowwilltheyreadandinterpretthelandgrantsthatsettledtheWestorGoldRushdocumentsthatresultedinthedevelopmentofSanFranciscoRidingthetrainrecentlyfromChicagotoMilwaukeeIhadtheopportunitytositnexttoanelementaryschoolteacherwhowasonherwaytoaspecialseminarattheMarquetteSchoolofEngineering.Theweek-longseminarwasaboutteachingchildrenin2014becauseitsawholenewballgamenow.Iaskedheraboutthelong-termaffectsofeliminatingcursiveeducationfromtheschools.Tobehonestshehadntreallyconsideredit.Itmaynothaveanyaffectinsomeareasbutitwillhaveadevastatingaffectontheireducationandunderstandingofhistoryreachingbackcenturiesifnotthousandsofyears.Wechattedabitaboutthisandherresponsewasthatitwillalleventuallybetranslatedintoprintedtext.Theinformationwillremainbuttheabilitytotouchandfeelandconnectwiththosethatcamebeforeuswillbelost.ReadingthosejournalsofLewisandClarkwillbeGreektothem.Provenanceandhistoryisnotonlyjusttheinformationandthefactsbutthegenuinearchivesandhistoricdocumentsthatremainthatwethirstforandcherish.OurmissioninthepursuittosustainandincreasetherichandwildhistoryoftheAmericanWestjustgottougher.CharlieSmithByJayneSkeffFromcooktocowboytocollectortoletrbuckoneBaythisgentlemanhasleftnosaddleunturnedinhisamazinglife.WellthiswasawildridethroughthelifeandtimesofCharlieSmith.Itsnotoftenafteralongphoneinterviewthatyouhangupthephonemoreenergizedthanwhenyoudialedthenumbertostart.InfectiouslaughterlongcontemplativepausesandnumeroussidebarstoriesmanyaboutLindaandJosephwellbeginwhenhewasjust15livinginOrangeCountyCalifornia.HejumpsrightinwithsayingIranawayfromhomewhenIwas15.Myfamilywasintosomereligioustripthatwasntforme.Righthereyoucanseethatthisyoungmanhadamindofhisownthatwouldsetthetoneforalifeyettounfold.Iworkedasalinecookforseveralyearsuntil1972whenIcamehomefromworkoneeveningandmyroommatewaspackingupandmovingout.WhereareyougoingIaskedandhesaidmyunclehasaHIGHNOONSHOWDEALERSPOTLIGHT 5OCTOBER2013ranchinUtahandneedsaranchhandsoImgoingtoUtahtomorrow.BeingacowboyhadalwaysbeenCharliesdreamandhisroommatewasntgoingwithouthim.TheypickedupthephonecalledhisunclewhosaidCharliecouldcometooandthatwasthat.Charliewentfromcooktocowboyovernight.Nowhehadnoideawhathewasdoingwhenhegottherebuthedidntcare.Helearnedquicklyfromtheyoungteenageranchhandswhoshowedhimtheropesandafewdayslaterhewaswranglinghorses.Itwasabeautifulranchinthemountainsherecalls.ThentheydiscoveredIcouldcooksoIbecamethecookforthecrewaswell.CharlieworkedonthisranchforthenextfewyearsuntiltheopportunitytoworkonaranchinMontanacameupandoffhewentthenontoOregonin1976toworkwithalargecattleandwheatoperation.YupCharliehadbecomeaprofessionalcowboyandlovedthelife.Butitwasalongthewaythathebecamefascinatedwithantiquetack.Hebeganreadingfuriouslyandlearningeverythinghecouldaboutit.HerecallsatthetimethatTheMaineAntiqueDigestandtheAntiqueTraderwerehisfavoritepublicationsandwouldreadthemcovertocoverwhenhissubscriptionarrived.ItalsomadehimwonderWhowerethesepeoplebuyingandsellingandcollectingacrossthecountryAndwithinshortorderhejumpedin.Bynowhehadamassedquiteacollectionofhisownanddecidedhewouldrunsomeadsandseewhathappened.WellwhathappenednextwasCharlietheCowboybecameCharlietheAntiquesDealer.ThiswasalsowhenhemethiswifeKarlawhomhemarriedin1977.Togethertheybecamequiteanunstoppableteam.HecreditsKarlawithbeinginstrumentalindevelopingtheirbusiness.ShewasanamazinglytalentedsewerwhocouldcreatejacketsandcoatsfromIndianblanketsandPendletonblanketsthelikesofwhichnoonehadseen.ShewasalsoabletoexpertlyrepairNavajoblankets.SonowbusinessisthrivingandCharlieisbuyingandsellinghisWesternantiqueswithcustomersacrossthecountryandseveralinEuropewhichreallysurprisedhim.Hepausestointerjectasidebarherethatevenonthephoneyoucanseeandfeelhisexcitementandhisprideinrelayingthestory.Ihavetotellyouthatin1980mydaughterKarliewasborn.In1998whenshewenttocollegeshewasawardedtheveryfirstNBSSCAScholarshipWeweresoproudandsoexcited.WhatmostdontknowisshewentontobecomeaLoanOfficerwiththeOregonDepartmentofAgriculturethepositionshestillholdstoday.Sheshelpingfarmersandranchersandthatmakesmefeelreallygood.OkaybacktoCharlieandits1984.Hehisbuyingandsellingfuriouslyatgunshowsandantiqueshowsnumberingabout40ayearandcrisscrossingthecountry.ItwasaboutthistimethathewasatagunshowinLosAngeleswherehewasscheduledtomeetwithoneofhisTexascustomersPaulStuckey.Charliehadseveralbridlesandhorsehairbeltsthathehopedtosellhim.HesoldStuckeyaboutsixandthenLindaandJosephshowedup.LindatookoneofthebeltswhichCharlierecallshefiguredhewouldneversellbecauseitwassobigandwrappeditaroundherwaisttwiceitfitperfectandsheboughtit.Thisbeltwouldbecomemoreinterestingastimewentonsofollowmehere.NowCharlieisbackinTacomaWAhometoaratherrenownedglassartistnameDaleChihulywhowasanavidcollectorofIndianblanketsandCharliehadsoldhimseveral.ThenheaskedhimtofindaparticularhorsehairbeltthathewaslookingforandCharlieknewitwasexactlyliketheonehehadsoldtoLindaSherwoodbackin1984.ButhecouldntfindanotheronebutChihulygotthebelthewantedwhenLindagotwindhewaslookingfortheoneshehad.Charlieremembersthiswithagreatlaugh.ChihulygotthebeltLindagotChihulyglasswhichhesquitesureshestillhasandIgotnothingmuchlessanypieceofChihulyglass.Butwhathedidgetfromthiswasgreatmemoriesofhowhislife-longfriendshipwithLindaandJosephandtheHighNoonfamilycametobe.YesCharlieLindaJosephstillhavethepieceofChihulyglassintheirhomeNowbacktoCharlieandhisever-broadeningantiquesbusiness.Hefoundcrisscrossingthecountrycontinuedonpage6 6SmokeSignalsHIGHNOONChuckStormesdoingshowstobeexhaustinganddecidedinsteadtojumpintorentingspaceatantiquemallsthroughouttheNorthwest.HehadmallspacesinIdahoWashingtonandOregonandburnedthroughseveraltrucksoverthenextseveralyearsmanagingandworkinghisbusinesses.Butthatwasntenough.Healsohadthisideatocreateacatalogofhiscollectionthathewouldsend4timesayeartohiscustomers.NowbeforetheeaseofcomputersheandKarlaandhisdaughterwouldpainstakinglytakephotosofeverythingwiththeirPolaroidtypethecopyuppastethephotosdownXeroxthecopiespayhisdaughter1foreachstampshelickedandmailedthemofftheoldfashionedway.Thishadahugeimpactonhisalreadythrivingbusiness.NowbetweencatalogsandantiquemallsthroughouttheNorthwestyouwouldntthinkCharliehadmuchsparetimeforanythingelsebutthenagainyouhavetoknowCharlie.In1990IstartedworkingwithphotographerDavidStoecklein.TogetherCharlieandDavecreatedandpublishedamagnificent228-pagefull-colordocumentarybookentitledCowboyGearAPhotographicPortrayaloftheEarlyCowboysandTheirEquipment.TodateCharlieestimatesover20000copieshavebeensold.Thiswasanamazingprojecttoworkonherecalls.Wewereonlocationforseveralmonthsshootingrealcowboysusingmyantiquetackgear.Itwasmyjobtomakesurethisantiquegearheldtogetherwhichwasntalwayseasyplustryingtogettheserealcowboystobedelicatewiththetack.IntheendwecapturedthetruecowboysthatsettledtheWestintrueform.Thisbookisstillbeingpublishedatrulyrichandbeautifuljourneybackintime.OkaynowwhatWelltheresmore.Sonowitsabout2000andantiquemallsarentdoingthebusinesstheyusedtoandCharlieisatanantiqueshowinIdahoandhekeepshearingtheotherdealerswhisperingeBay.Idheardofitbutdidntreallywanttogetinvolved.ButIcamebackanddippedmytoeintheeBaywaterjusttogetitwet.UhmwellIquicklysawthatmyPayPalaccountwasbecomingquiteactive.SoIputmoreupforsaleandsoldmoreandmoreandmore.OnceIrealizedwhatthiswasreallyaboutmyopportunitytogetoffthewildroadandtakethingsdownanotchwasapparent.CharliedoveintoeBaybigtimeandnowifyougoontoeBayandsearchforletrbuckyouwillbelinkedtoCharliespagewhereheisnotedasatopeBaysellerwith1millionsoldsincehedippedhistoeinthewater.Andthatswhereheisnow.HesrelaxingabitmoreenjoyinghisfamilystillcollectingandsellingfuriouslybutnowfromthecomfortofhislovelyhomeinWashington.HehadtoadmitattheendhesevennowgottentowherehecanbuytakephotosandpostitoneBayrightfromhisphone.Headmitshecantbelievethisolcowboycandothisbuthesdoingitandlovesit.AsfortheHighNoonAntiqueShowsCharliewasattheveryfirstoneandwasafixtureforthenext20years.OneclosingfunnystoryherecallswastheveryfirstHighNoonShowandAuction.HeremembersitwasheldinasmallhotelinPhoenix.HehadflowninandwaswaitingforacaboutsidetheairportwhenhesawLindaandJosephfranticonthecurbwithluggagecontainingalloftheauctionitemsstrewneverywhereasthecarthatwasscheduledtopickthemuphadnevershownup.Welliteventuallyshowedupandtheyallgotthroughthefirstshowandauctiontogetherbutitwasabitcrampedhesayswithasmile.OkayoneverylaststoryhehadtosharewasyeartwoofHighNoon.TheyhadmovedittoahotelinScottsdalecalledtheSafari.Imsureitsbeendemolishedbynow.IremembermywifeandIwereinourroomthefirstnightanditstartedtopourrain.Thehotelroofbegantoleakandwatercamepouringthroughontoourbed.ThenextyeartheymovedittoMesaandthenitbecametherealdealandstillistoday.ThankyouCharlieforsharingyourstoryofbeingacowboyandcowboytraderfromtheroadtothemallstotheinternetwithallthemilesin-between.SHOWDEALERSPOTLIGHTcontinued OCTOBER2013 8SmokeSignalsSERVES4-6Ingredients8cupsgood-tastingfishorchickenstock12mediumrawshrimpshellsremovedOtherseafoodofyourchoicefreshmusselsscallopscraborslicedfishfilletupto1handfulofeach1stalkmincedlemongrassOR2.5to3Tbsp.frozenbottledortubepreparedlemongrassorseesubstitutionslist2kaffirlimeleavesZestfrom1smalllemon4clovesgarlicminced1tsp.galangalORgingergrated1-2slicedredchiliesOR1-2tsp.Thaichilisauce8ozoffreshslicedmushrooms1mediumcarrotcutintothinstrips1mediumtomatocutintothinstrips1babybokchoy1handfulofbeansprouts12can14ouncethickcoconutmilknotlite2tbsp.fishsauceifyoudontlikethesmelloffishsauceseesubstitutionslistbelow1tbsp.soysauceJuiceof1limeJuiceof1smalllemon1tsp.sugar14cupfreshcilantroroughlychoppedPreparationPourstocklemongrassandlimeleavesinadeepsouppotandbringtoaboilovermedium-highheat.Ifusingfreshlemongrassalsoaddtheupperstalkpiecesforextraflavor.Addgarlicgalangalgingerchiliandmushrooms.Reduceheattomediumandsimmer2-3minutesoruntilmushroomsaresoft.Addtheshrimpandanyotherseafoodyoureusingplusthetomatocarrotsbeansproutsandbabybokchoy.Simmerovermediumheat3-4minutesoruntilshrimpturnspinkandplumpandmusselshaveopened.Scallopscrabandfishshouldallbefirmtothetouchandnolongertranslucent.Reduceheattomedium-lowandaddthecoconutmilkfishsaucesoysaucelimeandlemonjuiceandsugar.Stirwelltocombineandgentlysimmeruntilhotdonotboilatthispoint.Taste-testthesoupforsaltandspiceaddingmorefishsauceinsteadofsaltormorechiliasdesired.Iftoosouraddmoresugar.Iftoospicyforyourtasteorifyoudlikeitcreamieraddmorecoconutmilk.Iftoosaltyaddanothersqueezeoflimejuice.Serveinbowlswithfreshcoriandersprinkledover.ForanextrahitofflavoryoucanalsoaddsomeThaichilisauce.SubstitutionsthatWorkIfyoucantfindlemongrasstry3slicesfreshlemonboilinthesoupInsteadofkaffirlimeleavesusezestfrom1limeForchili12to34tsp.cayennepepperORdriedcrushedchilichiliflakesIfyoudontlikethesmelloffishsauce12tsp.darksoysauce1tbsp.regularsoysauceThaiSeafoodSoupTomYumTalayAfterarecentshingtripIwasfacedwithpreparingtheshIcaughtsinceImnotcrazyaboutshitwasachallenge.IranacrossthisrecipeforTomYumTalaywhichisafavoriteofmine.AfterlletingtheshIusedtheresttocreateadeliciousshstockthatoncestrainedbecamethebaseforthisdelicioussoup.RobinIrelandLindasFBagHIGHNOONHIGHNOONHIGHNOON 9OCTOBER2013CaseyFrazierAtragiclossforTeamNestorandourHighNoonfamilyScottMorganFriendArtistRenaissanceManBarbaraSchmittFriendandHighNoonfamilydealer 10SmokeSignalsACLOSECALLBulletsflewbymyheadlikethoughtsinabaddream.Thesoundmadetheladyinthereddressscream.Idovebehindthebarasachairflewby.SomeoneyelledTodaysagooddayforyoutodie.Thewholethingstartedabouttenyearsorsoago.IhadbeenworkingonaranchinsouthernIdaho.Oneofthewranglerswasthisbeautifulgirl.AndbeingyoungIthoughtIdgiveherawhirl.Shehappenedtobethebossmansprideandjoy.HowwasItoknowbetterIwasntmuchmorethanaboy.Weteasedandfooledaroundandsuch.Icouldtellshewasbeginningtolikemeabunch.Shewasashardworkingasshewasgoodlooking.Shealsoshowedoffherskillsatsoutherncooking.Herhairwassofterthanfresh-combedsorrelmane.Andherlipsweresweeterthanabiteofsugarcane.Hertouchwassofterthanthewingofadove.OhIguessyouwouldhavetosaywefellinlove.ButIwasagreenhornatthewholescarylovething.AndwherewasIgoingtogetthemoneytobuyaringIdecidedtotalkwithmybestpalDanMcPriceaboutit.Icalledhimoveronedayandaskedhimtositabit.Itoldhimwhatwasgoingonandthatitwasgreatfun.HesaidBoyifIwereyouIdgetmystuffandrun.Heexplainedtomethatgirlsgrowuptobewomen.HIGHNOONALITTLECOWBOYPOETRYByBobFrostScottsdaleArizonasPoetLaureate OCTOBER2013ACLOSECALLcontinuedThattheirprettysmileturnsouttobesourasalemon.Theywillarguenaganddriveyouinsane.Yourcarefreelifewillnevereverbethesame.Iworriedandthoughtonitareallylongspell.Myheadspunandmybrainbegantoswell.WhatcouldIdoWhatcouldIpossiblysayThatcoldnighthauntsmeeventothisday.IdecidedtotakeDansadviceandskedaddle.Ileftwithoutseeinghertoavoidawordbattle.Iquietlywalkedawaywithmyhorsefeelinglittlefear.Ilookedbackovermyshoulderandshedatear.BottlesstartedexplodingandcrashingabovemyheadIcowardinthecornerfiguringIdsoonbedeadMenhadscatteredandtheplacegotquiet.Iwasreallyscaredandtherewasnowaytohideit.Shewalkedslowlysteadilyandloudlytowardme.IstoodupandIcouldseethatshewasquiteangry.Averyslynarrowsmilecameacrossmyface.ShestoppedandmusthavethoughtOhwhatawaste.Iblinkedandwatchedherwalkbacktowardthedoor.Eachofherbootstepspoundedonthebarroomfloor.MyminddancedbacktothattalkwithDanMcPriceAndIwasreallygladItookhissageadvice.BobFrostwww.bobscowboypoetry.com11 12SmokeSignalsHIGHNOONBarbaraLouiseSchmittpassedawayonSeptember2nd2013attheageof78inJacksonHole.HeresaphotographofusatoneofourfirstshowswhenwewereBOTHquiteabityounger.Momdidntlovetobeinthecameralensandportraitswereoutofthequestion.ItshardtoencapsulateawholelifeintoafewparagraphsbutIguessImnotthefirsttoattemptit.Onapersonallevelmymomembodiedthepost-depressionpost-warmidwesternmindsetthathardworkfixeseverything.Althoughshehadsomegreatlifeexperiencestravelingtheworldcollectingfineobjectsandattendingculturaleventsshemaintainedaforthrightdirectattitudeaboutlife.Sheneverwaveredfromtheopinionthatyoucleanedyourownhousecookedyourownmealsandsolvedyourownproblems.Barbaracouldntstandwhiningtearsorexcessivetalkandhadlittlepatienceforanyonewithapropensitytobemaudlin.Shefacedherovariancancerwiththesameattitude.Sheneverfeltsorryforherselfanddidnotwantittobethetopicofconversationmuchlessdweltupon.Barbarajustcontinuedtoliveherlifegivingthediseaseverylittleofhertimeandherthoughtsoutsideofbeingannoyedatvarioussetbacks.ShecontinuedtoenjoycookingandkeepingupwithWesternAmericanatrendstotheveryendandwasdeterminedtoattendshowswhenmanyinherpositionwouldhavefounditdaunting.AsIcontinueforwardIwillmissmanythingsaboutmymombutinparticularherdeclarationthatweneedagooddinner.Mymomlovedwellpreparedfoodpairedwithgoodwineandwasgenerousinsharingtheexperiencewithmeandmanyofmyfriendsandcolleaguesaswetraveledthewestattendingshows.Therearemanythingswecandotohonorherdonatetocancerresearchdonatetohospicecaredonatetoinstitutionssupportingthepreservationofwesternculture.Buttrulythemostmeaningfulthingistobuyormakesomeoneameal.RaiseaglasstoherenjoyeverybiteandforGodssakedontgetmaudlin.EasiersaidthandonebutIllgiveitatry.WrittenbydaughterMarySchmittinfocayusewa.comBarbaraSchmittonleftwithdaughterMarySchmittBarbaraLouiseSchmitt 13OCTOBER2013ShortlyafterthereleaseoftheJulyAugust2013issueofSmokeSignalswereceivedacallfromanartdealerinNewYorkwantingtocorrectourreportingintheleadstoryregardingtheMetropolitanMuseumofArtinNewYork.InthestoryitstatedForthefirsttimesincetheirdoorsopenedin1870TheMetropolitanMuseumofArtinNewYorkwillbefeaturinganexhibitofWesternbronzes.ScheduledtoopenDecember182013andtitledTheAmericanWestinBronze1850-1925.ThisexhibitwillfeaturetheworksofRemingtonRussellFraserandManshiptonameafewandtheirartisticrepresentationsoftheNativeAmericanIndiancowboyscavalryandpioneers.HewantedtocorrectourreportingastheMEThadhostedanimportantRemingtonexhibitin1989.Infactwearebothcorrect.TherewasaRemingtonexhibitin1989howeverthisnewexhibitopeninginDecember2013willbethefirsttimetheMEThashostedanexhibitoftheworksofseveralWesternAmericansculptorsandartistsoneofwhichisFredericRemington.ThisisnotaRemington-specificexhibitbutanexhibitofTheAmericanWestinBronzeandwillbethefirsttimeanumberofthesesculptorsandartistswillbefeaturedattheMetropolitanMuseumofArtinNewYork.OnbehalfofeveryoneatHighNoonandSmokeSignalswethankyouforyourinputandcarefuleyeonourreportingAndreaderCorinnewroteJusttoletyouknowwemissedannouncingoneawardoneoftheWesternHeritageAwardsfromtheNationalCowboyWesternHeritageMuseum.BillBarwickwhoentertainedusallattheDenverOldWestShowonSaturdaywasthewinneroftheWRANGLERAWARDforhisnewCDTheUsualSuspects.HereceivedthisprestigiousawardattheNationalMuseumofWildlifeArtinJacksonHoleinApril.OurapologiesBillforthisomission.FromOurReadersCanyouguesswhoisinherphotoPhotobyNadineLevin.HighNoonisonWikipediahttpen.wikipedia.orgwikiHigh_Noon_Western_Americana 14SmokeSignalsThisisthelargestover20000itemsondisplayitisdedicatedtothesingingcowboysandallotherb-westernsfromWilliamS.HarttoRexAllen.In1938GeneAutrypurchased1200acresoflandattherailroadstopofBerwynOK.Hebuiltalargestonestructureforhisstockandapartmentforhismen.ItwascalledTheFlyingARodeoRanch.Mr.Autryhadalandingstripforhispersonalairplane.HeflewbackandforthtohishomeinStudioCityCA.ThefirstChampionwaspurchasedandboardedhere.ThefirstpistolbitsforChampionweremadeinArdmoreOKafewmilesaway.TheFlyingaRodeoShowwouldboardtrainsinBerwynandgoeast.GeneAutrysfirstMadisonSquareGardenrodeolivestockwerefromthisranch.Mr.Autryownedandmanagedalltherodeostockandhiredhiscowboystoworktheshow.OfcoursethemusicwasprovidedbyMr.Autry.Thenameofthetownchanged.ThepeopleofBerwynOklahomapopulation800askedtheirfamousrancheriftheycouldusehisnamefortheirtown.Mr.Autryagreed.HeknewthetownwasnevergoingtobeabigcitybutthehonorofbeingonaUSAmapwasquiteanhonor.OnSundayNovember161941aflatbedtrailersetupwithradioremotebroadcastingabilityforGenetoperformhisMelodyRanchShowarrivedattherailroadstationinBerwynOklahoma.Itwasadvertisedhewouldbehere.TourtrainsfromseveralcitiesandstatesbroughtpeopletowatchGeneAutrygetonhisfamoushorseChampiontoropetheonlysignandpullitdownatthetraindepot.TheynailedupthenewsignwiththenameofthetownofGeneAutry.ThiswasfilmedbyRepublicStudios.Over30000peoplecametoseethemostfamoussingingcowboytoeverhitHollywood.HewasthetopmoneymakingstarofB-Westerns.HepassedoutsticksofWrigleygumhisradioandtelevisionsponsorfornineteenyears.InrecentdaysIhavepersonallyinterviewedpeoplewhowerethereaschildrenandtheyproudlydisplayedinaplasticbagthegumhegavethemthosemanyyearsago.December71941thisdatechangedAmericaforever.RepublicStudiosHollywoodCaliforniatoldtheirstarmakingthemostmoneythattheywouldgethimGeneAutryanexemptionfromservinginthemilitary.Letsomeoneelsebleed.ThatisnotwhatGenedidthough.HewentonhiscoasttocoastradioshowandhadaMajorswearhiminasPrivateGeneAutry.LikealotofHollywoodmoviestarshewouldnottakearank.Hedidaskfortwofavorsforhisfame.HepromisedhisfanstheywouldnotseehimwithoutcowboybootssotheArmyhadthegoodsensetograntthisfavoraslongasGenepaidforthem.Hewasalicensedpilotsohewantedtofly.TheArmyallowedthatthiswasnoproblem.HegothiswingstoflyattheLoveFieldAirbase.HewastransferredtoIndiatoflysuppliesovertheHimalayaMountainstoChinaTheaterofwar.Hewasdischargedin1946GenecompletedthreefilmsforRepublicStudioshonoringhiscontract.ThenhemovedtoColumbiaStudios.Allofthistookplacein1946.ThemakingofaghosttownGeneAutrysoldtheFlyingARodeoRanchattheendofthewar.HehadanewrodeopartnerinTexas.Hisnamewasnotonit.TheschoolinGeneAutryneverhadmorethan115studentsinalltwelvegrades.Theonlysporttheschoolplayedwasbasketball.OneyearastudentwrotetoMr.Autryandexplainedtohimthebadshapeoftheiruniforms.YesyouarerightMr.Autryboughttheteamuniforms.Hekeptincontactovertheyears.Bythelate1960stheschoolwhichwasbuiltin1938haditslastgraduationfromhighschool.ConsolidationTheLastoftheB-WesternMuseumsByEdHendersonCowboyEdHIGHNOON 15OCTOBER2013closeditbythe1980s.Thetownwaslonggonepostofficemovedintotheschoolbuilding.Therestoftheinterioroftheschoolwasguttedandthewindowsboardedup.Twopeoplecametotherescue.Twoschoolteachershewasawomenbasketballcoachandshewasamathteacherhadadream.ElvinSweetenandhiswifeFlotookalongtermleaseontheleakingoldrockandplasterschoolbuilding.Theceilingsweredroppedthestuccowallswerecoveredwithwoodheatingandairconditioningaddedandasoundsystemwasaddedintheoldgymnasium.Flowasraisedinthistown.Theranchwhereshegrewupisafewmilesaway.YesFloplayedhalf-courtbasketballwhileinschool.ShewantedtheentiremuseumtobeamoviememorabiliatributetoGeneAutryofcourseshegotitdone.FloandElvinSweetentraveledcoasttocoastbordertoborderbuyingupwholecollections.SomethinghappenedthoughtheyhadGeneitemsbuttoachievethistheyliterallyhadalltheotherB-Westernheroesmemorabiliaitemsalso.Someyoumayneverhaveheardof.Toysbigbooksfatbookscomicstricyclespistolsandholsterslikeyouhaveneverseeninoneplace.Thereareover20000itemsondisplayandover100000ft.ofglass.Everysingingcowboyhashisownindividualdisplayarea.Elvinisstilladdingitems.WehavetheonlyfulldisplayofallfourRedRydermoviestars.Itgoesonandon.ThemuseumisownedandoperatedbyElvinandFloSweeten.Theywanttosharetheirloveofabygoneagewiththoseofuswhostillrememberit.Admissionisbydonation.ThemuseumisopenFebruary12012toNovember302012MondaythroughSaturday10AMto4PM.Themuseumwillopenforspecialtours.WedecidedtocelebrateRoyRogers100thbirthdayonhisbirthdayNovember5th.WehadsevenradiostationsthatstartedinSeptemberadvertisingthebirthdayparty.ChildrenfromthelocalMethodistchurchyouthgroupprintedHappyBirthdayRoyRogersonseveralhundredpopcornbags.KCCURadiostationfurnishedfreesarsaparillaandpopcorn.DuringtheshowingofthemovieYellowRoseofTexaschildactorDonK.ReynoldswhowasinthreeRoyRogersmoviestoldofmakingthemovie.DonLittleBrownJugalsohadastudiodatewithCherylRogers.ShementionsitinherbookCowboyPrincessandalsohasapictureofthetwoofthem.TwobirthdaycakeseachwithRoyandTriggerincoloronthemwereservedtoover300people.At4PMwesangHappyTrailsandshedatearandtoldourherogoodbye.WehavealargeRoyRogerscollectionofmemorabilia.Elviniscontinuallyaddingtothecollection.MywifeElizabethandIvisitedtheRoyRogersMuseumseveraltimeswhileitwaslocatedinBransonMO.WeevenattendedaNewYearsPartythere.TherewasneverafullhouseforDustysshoworthemuseumitself.InfactweweretoldthereweredayswhennobodyvisitedtheMuseum.Weweresadtohearthatithadtoclose.WeknowpeopleinouragegrouparedyingfastthosethatrememberRoyRogersandGeneAutry.WearethelastoftheB-WesternMuseums.Wewillnotbeopenmuchlongersocomeonwhileyoucan.Weofferhandicapaccessibleaccess.Comeshareyourdreams.OneofmymanysurprisesinworkingasgreeteratthemuseumisthenumberofpeoplewhowanttotelltheirmemoriesandhaveaphototakeninfrontofthelargeoilpaintingofGeneandChampion.SeveraltimespeoplemostlywomenwillcrytellingtheirloveofGeneorotherstarsallbecauseofseeingthemdisplayedatthemuseum.WehavehadpeoplevisitfromEuropeonewasfromTransylvania.ThevisitorstakelotsofpicturesandmailpostcardshomewiththeGeneAutryOklahomapostmarkonit.Thoseofuswhorememberthosedayswhenwebelievedthatgoodwouldprevailaredyingofffastthosetimesofgoodguysalwayswinwillneverbeback.GeneAutryOKMuseum42PrairieSt.GeneAutryOK73436580-294-3047www.geneautryokmuseum.com 16SmokeSignalsACenturyofSilverScreenHeroesonHorsebackNo.16intheSeriesByGaryEugeneBrownAlltheworldsastageandallthemenandwomenmerelyplayersTheyhavetheirexitsandtheirentrances..AsYouLikeItWilliamShakespeareJaquesMonologueActII.Peopleoftenwonderwhytheirlivestakeaparticularcourseresultingintheirultimatedestiny.Somefeelitisbeingattherightplaceattherighttimeothersbycreatingavisionandworkinghardtoachieveitandtherearethosewhoareoftheopinionitismainlylucklikeaspinoftheroulettewheeleitherbyfateorbydivineappointment.OurfeaturedplayertodaywasborninasmallMidwesttown.AsaboyhewasthrilledtoseephotoplaysofhisheroTomMix.Duringhisyouthheparticipatedinsportsandassumedstudentbodyofficerresponsibilities.AfternotreceivingacceptanceattheUSNavalAcademytheyoungmandecidedhewantedtobecomealawyer.Howeverhewasgoingtobemuchmuchmorethanyourrunofthemillbarrister.HewasdestinedtobecomeanAmericanlegend.HisnameknownthroughouttheworldtothisdayBornMarionRobertMorrisonat13poundsinWintersetIowaonMay261907tothelocaldruggistClydeMorrisonandhiswifetheformerMaryMollyBrownatelephoneoperator.MarionwasveryfondofhisfatherwhothetownfolksoftencalledDoc.MollyapetiteenergeticredheadhadafierytemperwhichshewoulddemonstrateattimesoftenaimedatDoc.Marionwassaddenedwiththeangryoutburstsathomebetweenhisparents.Ayoungerbrotherwasbornin1912.HismotherwantedtonamehimRobertsotheylegallychangedMarionsmiddlenametoMitchell.Itwasthefirstofmanyactsthatindicatedshefavoredtheyoungestson.Marionspenttherestofhislifetryingtopleasehismother.DocsfatherencouragedthefamilytofollowhimtoCalifornia.DocwentfirstandbroughtthefamilytotheMojaveDeserttownofLancasterin1914.TheoriginalintentwasforthemtobecomefarmersalongwithMarionsgrandfather.HoweverMitchellMorrisondiedandin1916andbeingtiredoftheheatjackrabbitsandrattlesnakesthefamilymovedtoGlendalewhichofferedamuchmilderenvironment.DocMorrisonwentbacktopharmacyworkandMarionenteredthepublicschoolsystem.AtaboutthistimehepickedupthenicknameDukethenameofhislargeAiredaleTerrier.MarionwouldfrequentaGlendalefirestationwithhisdogintoworviceversa.ThelocalfirefightersbegancallingthembothDuke.ThenamestuckforlifeashewasnottooenamoredwithbeingcalledMarion.DukeMorrisonenteredGlendaleHighSchoolin1921.Hefitinverywellandwasquitepopular.DukebecamePresidentofhisSr.Class1925.Heparticipatedinschoolplayswasasportswriterfortheschoolpaperandwasastarguardonthechampionshiphighschoolfootballteam.DukehadafellowJOHNWAYNEHIGHNOON 17OCTOBER2013teammateBillBradburywhohadasmallertwinbrothernamedBob.BothDukeandBillreceivedacademicandathleticscholarshipstoplayfootballatUSC.BobBradburyquitschoolinhisjunioryeartofollowhisfatheroutonfilmlocations.WhowouldhavethoughtBillandBobsfatherR.N.BradburylaterwoulddirectmanyJohnWayneBWesterns.HissonlikewisewouldbecomealeadingmaninBcowboyfilmsBobSteele.BillBradburywouldgoontomedicalschoolandbecomeoneofLosAngelessleadinggynecologistsdeliveringbabiesforthelikesofShirleyTempleandEstherWilliams.HollywoodwasasmallcommunitywaybackthenDukeMorrisonenteredUSCin1925asapre-lawmajor.HeplayedfootballforthelegendarycoachHowardJonesandwasshiftedtoatackleposition.DukealsobecameafraternitymemberofSigmaChi.AfamousspectatorwhoattendedtheTrojanfootballgameswhenintownwasthelegendaryfirstKingoftheCowboysTomMix.CoachJoneshadanarrangementwithTomMixwherebyhewouldfurnishTomandhisentouragefootballticketsifTomwouldhelpfindoff-seasonemploymentforhisplayersatFoxStudios.InturnDukeandanotherplayerreceivedaninvitationtomeetTomMixatFoxStudios.ThetwoyoungmenwereimpressedwiththeluxurycarwithaTMbrandonitparkedoutinfrontofhisdressingroom.Theywenttohisroomandtherehewasinhisfancycustomcowboyoutfit.Dukewashopingtheywouldbehiredtosparwiththefamousactorwhoboxeddailytokeepinshape.ThecowboyactorwhomheadmiredasaboyaskedDuketoshowhimhowtoplayfootball.Dukeassumedaleveragepositionandthe5-foot10-inch160pound45yearoldactorwouldtryknockingoverthe6-foot4-inch180pound19yearoldDuke.ThecowboyactortoldthemthathewasgettingreadytomakeafilminColoradoandwantedthemtojoinhimandhelphimremainintopphysicalcondition.IntheinterimTomsaidhewouldhelpthemfindworkinthestudioandintroducedthemtoamaninchargeofhiringthefilmcrews.Dukewaspromptlyhiredasapropman...movingfurniturefromonesettoanother.DukeasrecordedinhisunfinishedbiographynotedthenexttimehesawTomMixdriveintothestudiolotinhisbeautifulLocomobileIquicklyputthechairdownandsmiledatmybenefactorandsaidHelloMr.Mix.Howeverthepublicsnumberonecowboystargavehimablanklook...thattoldmemydatewithColoradohadjustbeenbroken.Hedidntremember.Itisregretfulthatthesupercowboyfilmstaratthetimeforonereasonoranotherwouldconveyawho-are-youlookattheyoungman.HowevertheinitialintroductionmadebyTomMixenabledyoungDukeMorrisontoenterthestudiogatesandtherestishistory.Thiswasapivotalmomentinhislifeashesooninjuredhisshoulderwhilebodysurfingwhichendedhisfootballcareer.ThetalllithehandsomeathletewhilemovingobjectsfromonesettoanothercametotheattentionofmanypeopleincludingdirectorJohnFord.JackashewascalledbackthenhadmadeseveralfilmsbythenincludingtwocriticallyacclaimedAwesterns-TheIronHorseand3BadMen.ThedirectorusedDukebehindthescenesonMotherMachree1928whereDukemetFordstockplayerVictorMcLaglenwhowouldeventuallycostarwithhiminmemorablefilmssuchasSheWoreaYellowRibbon1949andTheQuietMan1952.Fordwouldtalktotheyoungmanabouthisplayingdaysonthegridiron.FordimmediatelylikedDukeandwouldusehimtoassistinthreemorefilms.FromtimetotimeDukewouldgetanoccasionalpartasanextrainfilms.HeevendrownedinthefloodintheepicNoahsArk1929whichstarredGeorgeOBrienJohnFordsfirstprotgeandtheleadingmaninbothTheIronHorseand3BadMen.LikeMcLaglenOBrienwouldgoontocostarwiththeDukeinFordsFortApache1948andSheWoreaYellowRibbon.DukesfirstfilmcreditwasinthefilmSalute1929anotherFordOBriencollaboration.1930wasasignificantyearinthelifeofDukeMorrison.JohnFordclaimedlateronthathelearnedthatDirectorRaoulWalshwaslookingforaleadingmanforamajoralltalkingwesternabouttheOregonTrailTheBigTrail1930.HesuggestedWalshconsiderDukeforthepart.WalshhadwantedGaryCooperfortherolebutwasnotabletosignhim.Assuchhetookabiggambleinhiringavirtuallyunknownactorage22toplaytheleadroleinabigbudgetepicwestern.WalshhadbeenreadingabiographyonGeneralMadAnthonyWayneaRevolutionaryWarheroandwantedtonamehisnewleadingmanafterthishistoricalcharacter.HoweverAnthonysoundedtooethnicsothenameJohnWaynewasselected.Unfortunatelythefilmwhichdepictedmanyofthe 18SmokeSignalshardshipsexperiencedbyearlypioneerswasnotaboxofficesuccess.ThereweresomepunditswhofeltthatJohnWaynewasresponsibleforthepoorshowinghoweverinthiswritersopinionthatwasnotthecase.DukecarriedhisownintheroleofBreckColemanalongwithastellarcastsuchasMargueriteChurchillsoontobeMrs.GeorgeOBrienTullyMarshallandanevildownrightuglyTyronePowerSr.andformerUSCfootballplayerWardBond.ItwasagruelingfilmforthecastandcrewastheyhadtoendurethesameharshelementsofthepioneersspendingseveralmonthsfilmingontheactualrouteoftheOregonTrail.TheBigTrailwasfarsuperiortoJamesCruzesTheCoveredWagon1923thefirstepicwesternalsoabouttheOregonTrail.AfterTheBigTrailDukewasfirstcastinmostlyunforgettablerolesinnon-westernsandthenforseveralyearswasrelegatedtobeingacowboyheroinBwesterns.WithColumbiahewascastasacostarinaBuckJonesfilmandtwowithTimMcCoy.HethensignedwithWarnerBrothersinaseriesofroutineoaters.AccordingtoTheOldCorralwww.B-westerns.comThebestofthesixWarnerwesternswasthefirstfilmintheseriesRideHimCowboy1932andHauntedGold1932.DukethensignedwiththeLoneStarProductionsunitatMonogramforsixteenBwesternsbeginningwithRidersofDestiny1933.TherecommendedLoneStarfilmsbyTheOldCorralareBlueSteel1934RandyRidesAlone1934TheTrailBeyond1934andTheDawnRider1935.MonogrameventuallymergedwithRepublicStudiosandeightmoreJohnWaynewesternswereproducedstartingwithWesternHo1935andconcludingwithWindsoftheWasteland1936.ThesetwofilmsandtheKingofthePecos1936arerecommended.DukewasthenloanedtoParamountforonewesternwithJohnnyMackBrownBorntotheWestakaHelltown1937whichwasfavorablyreviewed.ThenDukewasaskedtoreplaceBobLivingstonasStonyBrookeinthepopularThreeMesquiteersseries.Hemadeeightofthetriofilmswhichco-starredRayCrashCorriganandMaxAlibiTerhunebeginningwithPalsoftheSaddle1938.TworecommendedfilmsareOverlandStageRaiders1938andWyomingOutlaw1939.BobLivingstoneventuallyreturnedtotheseries.JohnWaynefeltasthoughhewasgoingtospendtherestofhisfilmcareerasaBcowboystarhoweverhereallywantedtobeafilmdirector.Lookingbackonthe30shehadlearnedhiscraftwellliterallyfromthebottomup.HealsohadtheopportunitytoworkwiththelikesofYakimaCanuttGeorgeHayesbeforehisGabbypersonaandPaulFixwhowereusuallycastasthevillains.HealsogottoknowHarryCareyJohnFordsfirstmajorcowboyfilmstar.JohnWayneinaninterviewwithKevinBrownlowinhisoutstandingBBCseriesregardingtheGoldenEraofHollywoodsaidthathewaslikeafatherfiguretohimDukesownfatherdiedin1937andhethatlovedhim.JohnWaynesharedthatHarryhadanaturalstyleofacting.AlsoHarryalwayswantedagoodpairofbootsandacowboyhatandwhatheworeinbetweendidntmatterthatmuchtohim.In1933DukeMorrisonakaJohnWaynemarriedJosephineSaenzhislongtimegirlfriendwhohehadmetatthebeachwhenshewasateenandheacollegeman.TheweddingwasintheBelAirhomeofherfriendLorettaYoung.JosiewasthedaughteroftheConsulGeneralforPanama.ShewasveryattractivewithclassicLatinafeaturesandaverydevoutCatholic.ThecouplehadfourchildrenMichaelAntoniaToniPatrickandMelinda.DukeandJosieappearedtohaveahappyhomelifehoweverhisbeingawayonfilmlocationsaroundtheworldadifferenceofopinionastohowtheirchildrenshouldberaisedandherdesiretosocializewithpeoplethatwerenotinherhusbandscircleoffriendseventuallyledtoaseparationin1943anddivorcein1945.JohnFordhadnotforgottenDukeMorrison.WhenhedecidedtomakeErnestHaycocksshortstoryTheStagetoLordsburgpublishedinColliersmagazine1937intohisfirstsoundwesternhewantedDukeforthemainlead.SeveralpotentialproducersturnedhimdownaswesternswereconsideredpassbyHIGHNOON 19OCTOBER2013themandFordbackingJohnWaynetobetheRingoKiddidnotgooverwellwiththem.HollywoodhadnotforgottenthedismalboxofficereceiptsforTheBigTrail.EventuallyWalterWangeragreedtoproducethefilmhoweverhewantedGaryCooperandMarleneDietrichintheleadroles.FordstoodfirmforJohnWaynesoacompromisewasmadewherebyWangerwouldputupslightlymorethanhalfthemoneyheoriginallyagreedtoandthatClaireTrevorawell-establishedactresswouldreceivetopbilling.Fordagreedandanall-starsupportingcastwasassembled.ThestorywasaboutninepeoplewhosedestinieswereentwinedonaperilousjourneythroughApacheterritory.ThephotoplaywasstrongoncharacterdevelopmentsimilartoaBretHarteDamonRunyonorO.HenrynovellaplusincludedpanoramicvistasofthemajesticMonumentValley.ThefilmwentontoreceiveravereviewsfromcriticswasaboxofficehitandreceivedsixAcademyAwardnominationsincludingBestPicturewinningtwoOscarsThomasMitchellforBestSupportingActorasDocBooneandBestMusicScoring.JohnFordwonNewYorksFilmCriticsAwardforBestDirector.ThebrilliantfilmmakerOrsonWellessaidthatitwastheperfecttextbookonfilmmaking.BeforefilmingCitizenKaneWellesclaimedAfterdinnereverynightforamonthIdrunStagecoach.Howeverthebiggestwinnerofallwas32yearoldMarionMorrisonfromWintersetIowawhohadpreviouslyearnedhisstripesplayingtheheroin44BHorseOperas.ThebestreviewofhisroleastheRingoKidwasgivenbyafellowcastmemberLouisePlattwhoplayedtheexpectantmotherLucyMalloryHellbethebiggeststareverbecauseheistheperfecteveryman.QuitepropheticThe1940swasahectictryingperiodforourcountryandforDukeWayne.WiththesuccessofStagecoachtheopportunitiesforvariedrolesopenedupforfilmdomsemergingmoviestar.DukewouldmakeelevenwesternfilmsduringthedecadebeginningwithTheDarkCommand1940directedbyRaoulWalsh.Itco-starredClaireTrevorWalterPigeonandfourthbillingwasgiventothenextKingoftheCowboys-RoyRogers.AlsoJohnWayneplayedotherrolesinthe40sespeciallythestalwartWWIImilitaryherowhichnexttohiswesternroleswerethemostpopularamonghisadoringfans.TheDukewasespeciallyheroicinFlyingTigers1942thenfollowedTheyWereExpendable1945andSandsofIwoJima1949.In1975EmperorHirohitovisitedtheUSandrequestedtheStateDepartmenthelparrangeameetingbetweenhimandthentheworldsmostpopularmovieactor.WhentheDukeheardtherequesthesupposedlysaid-whywouldhewanttoseemeafterallImusthavekilledofftheentireJapaneseArmy.Yourstrulywas10yearsoldwhenSandsofIwoJimadirectedbyveterandirectorAlanDwanplayedinourlocaltheater.IwassomovedbythefilmthatIwantedtobealeatherneckjustlikeSgt.StrykerandyelloutLockandloadHoweverwhenSgt.StrykerwasshotbyasniperafterthefightingappearedoverIgottearyeyed.JohnWaynemaynothaveservedinactualcombathoweverhedidmoretohelpthemoraleofourtroopsandthefolksbackhomethananybureaucratinWashingtonDC.AfterhisdivorcefromJosieMorrisonwasfinaltheDukemarriedEsperanzaChataCeballosaMexicanactresshehadmetinMexicoCity1946.Itwasarockyrelationshipbetweenthetworightfromthestart.Sheevenshotathimonce.DukesaidOurmarriagewaslikeshakingtwovolatilechemicalsinajar.Chatawasupsetabouthisdedicationtohisworkandtheattentionhepaidtohischildrenplusshewasextremelyjealousofhisleadingladies.Themarriageendedin1952howeverthedivorcewasnotfinaluntil1954.Therewerenochildrenfromtheunion.SadlyChatadiedfromaheartattackatonly37.ThefiveJohnWaynewesternsfilmedbetween1947and1950werethebestoftheelevencowboymovieshemadeduringthe40s.AngelandtheBadman1947costarringGailRussellandHarryCareySr.isan 20SmokeSignalsoftenoverlookedfilm.ThefirstfilmproducedbyJohnWayneisanexcellentmovie.LikeStagecoacheachcharacterisfullydevelopedtothepointyouactuallycareforthem.GailRussellwasoneofthemostbeautifulstarsinHollywoodandtheDukewasstillthetallhandsomeleadingman.DukeswifeChatawasoftheopinionthatherhusbandwashavinganaffairwithMissRussell.Thatsaidthetwomainstarsdefinitelyhadthechemistrygoingbetweenthem.FortApache1948wasthefirstofthetrilogyoftheUSCalvarylifeintheWest.Itco-starredHenryFondaandGeorgeOBrien.The3Godfathers1949alsodirectedbyFordcalledPappyorCoachbytheDukewasthefourthversionofthePeterKynestory.FordhadmadeasilentfilmofthesamestoryMarkedMen1919starringHarryCareySr.Interestingenoughthefilmco-starredhissonHarryCareyJr.andPedroArmendariz.JohnForddedicatedthefilminthememoryofHarryCareywhohadrecentlycrossedoverJordan.SheWoreaYellowRibbon1949wasthesecondintheseriesoftheUSCalvarybyJohnFord.JohnWayneage42playedCaptainNathanBrittlesamanwhowasapproachingretirementprobablyinhisearly60s.TheDuketurnedinanotherwonderfulperformance.Ithasbeensaidthathefeltitwashisfavoriterole.NoIdidnotforgetaparticularwesternfilmreleasedin1948.Iheldittolastasitisaclassiconeofthebestwesternseverfilmed.Irememberseeingitonthebigscreen.RedRiverwasmyfirstadultwestern.IwasmesmerizedbythetransitionofTomDunsonwhowentfromthebenevolentstrongfatherfiguretoMattGarthplayedbyMontgomeryClifttothehardenedvengeanceseekingtyrant.InmyopiniontherolehelpedpreparetheDuketotransitionintoEthanEdwardssopowerfullyafewyearslaterinTheSearchers.AfterseeingtheHowardHawkspicturestaringhisformerprotgJohnFordcommentedIdidntknowthebigsonofabitchcouldactRioGrandethethirdandfinalchapterintheCalvarytrilogywasreleasedin1950.Itco-starredthelovelyMaureenOHaraalongwithFordStockplayerslikeVictorMcLaglenBenJohnsonandHarryCareyJr.AsanasideFordhadboughttherightstoashortstorywrittenbyMauriceWalshpublishedin1933bytheSaturdayEveningPost.ThelegendarydirectorwantedtobringthestorytofilmhoweverRepublicStudiossaidtheywouldonlydosoifFordagreedtofirstdirectRioGrande.TheproposedfilmwasTheQuietMan1952mywifeSherrillsfavoritemovie.ItwasmadeonlocationinIreland.Itco-starredMaureenOHaraandVictorMcLaglen.ItshouldbenotedthattheWayneOHararomanticscreencouplerivalsthemostfamousscreenloversofalltimeincludingGretaGarboandJohnGilbertWilliamPowellandMyrnaLoySpencerTracyandKatherineHepburnandHumphreyBogartandLaurenBacall.ThefilmgarneredJohnFordhisfourthBestDirectorOscar.WhilelookingforfilmlocationsinPeruDukemetPilarPallettealocalsingerandactress.ShewasthedaughterofaPeruviansenator.TheymetagainlaterinLosAngelesandtheromanceblossomed.ThetwoweremarriedinHawaiionNovember11954.TheylivedinEncinoforseveralyearsandthenmovedtoNewportBeachin1965wherehecouldbeclosertohisbelovedyachtthe136longWildGooseaformerUSNminesweeper.ThecouplehadthreechildrenAissaEthanandMarisa.EthanplayedanimportantroleinBigJake1971andinseveraltelevisionseries.TodayheheadsuptheJohnWayneEnterprises.DukeandPilarseparatedin1973howeverneverdivorced.ThewesternsfollowingRioGrandeincludedHondo1953theLouisLAmourstoryfilmedin3DRioBravo1959withDeanMartinWalterBrennanRickyNelsonandAngieDickinsonanddirectedonceagainbyHowardHawksandTheHorseSoldiers1959costarringWilliamHIGHNOON 21OCTOBER2013HoldenwithJohnFordatthehelm.Howeverin1956TheFordStockCompanyonceagainreturnedtoMonumentValleytofilminmyopinionandImnotalonethefinestwesternevermadeifnotanymovieevermadeTheSearchers.ThestorylinewasbasedonanovelbyAlanLeMay.ThefilmenabledJohnWaynetodemonstratewhatafineactorhetrulywas.SadlytheAcademyAwardsoverlookedthemovie.Howeverthefilmreceivedmanycriticalreviews.TheAmericanFilmInstituterankeditnumber12ofthe100GreatestAmericanFilmsandtheGreatestAmericanWesternofAllTime.TheBritishFilmInstitutesSightSoundmagazinesurveyoffilmcriticslistedTheSearchersthe7thBestFilmofAllTime2012.NewYorkMagazinenoteditwasthemostinfluentialmovieinAmericanHistory.ThelateRogerEbertcommentedJohnFordsTheSearcherscontainsscenesofmagnificenceandoneofJohnWaynesbestperformances.Thereareshotsthatareastonishinglybeautiful.TheepicfilmdirectorDavidLeanwatchedthemovierepeatedlyinordertogetideasonhowtobestfilmlandscapesinpreparingtoshootLawrenceofArabia.FamousdirectorsofourtimesuchasMartinScorseseStevenSpielbergJohnMiliusPeterBogdanovichandJean-LucGoddardwereinfluencedbyFordsdirection.Eventhoughhewasattimesatyrantandwoulddressdownanyonefromtheleadingmantoagriphegottheresultshewanted.HenryBrandonwhoplayedEthanEdwardsarchnemesisScarinthefilmisreportedtohavesaidJohnFordwasTheonlymanwhocouldmakeJohnWaynecry.DukeWayneinhisunfinishedautobiographyremarkedwhenhewasworkingbehindthescenesatFoxStudiosIdecidedtobecomeadirectorandifneedbeIwouldtakeabriefdetourintoactingorwhateverelsewasnecessarytoaccomplishmygoal.Wellthatbriefdetourwasabout30yearsindurationhoweverin1960hefinallyachievedhisultimategoal.Beginningin1945DukedecidedhewantedtomakeafilmaboutthebattleoftheAlamo.HebeganthescriptprocessanddiscussedtheprojectwithRepublicStudioexecutives.Howevertheybalkedatthe3Mestimatedbudget.EventuallyhewasabletosecurefinancingwithUnitedArtists.HeoriginallyonlywantedtobetheproducerdirectoranddoacameoroleasSamHouston.HoweverUAagreedtothedealonlyifheinvested2.5Mandtheywouldputupalikeamount.Inadditiontheyrequiredheplayoneofthethreeprincipalrolesbaseduponhisboxofficedraw.WhichwasoftenthecaseDukewouldinvolvehisfamilyasmuchaspossibleespeciallyonlonglocationshoots.SonPatrickplayedasignificantroleinTheAlamoandhisoldersisterToniLaCavaandherdaughterAnitawifePilarandtheDukesyoungdaughterAissawerealsointhepicture.LateronAissaremarkedIthinkmakingTheAlamobecamemyfathersownformofcombat.Morethananobsessionitwasthemostintenselypersonalprojectinhiscareer.Thefour-monthlocationshootinTexasandoverseeingacastofthousandswasamonumentaltask.HoweverJohnWaynepulleditoff.ThefilmdidwellattheboxofficethoughitwasnotenoughfortheDuketorecouphisinvestmentasUAtooktheirmoneyfirst.LaterwhenthefilmwasreadyforTVdistributionDukesoldhisrightstoUAandhewasmadefinanciallywholeagain.ThefilmreceivedsixAcademyAwardnominationsincludingBestPictureandwonforBestSound.ReviewsweremixedwiththeNewYorkHerald-Tribunegivingit4StarsandnotingAmagnificentjob...visuallyanddramaticallyTheAlamoistop-flightwhileTimeMagazinereferredtoitasbeingflatasTexas.Regardlessitistrulyanentertainingepicmovieandalivingtestamenttothemanwhomadeithappen.JohnWaynemadetenadditionalwesternfilmsinthe60sinadditiontoothergenresincludingTheGreenBerets1968.TheywereNorthtoAlaska1960TheComancheros1961TheManWhoShotLibertyValance1962HowtheWestWasWon1962TheSonsofKatyElder1965ElDorado1966TheWar SmokeSignalsWagon1967andTheUndefeated1969.Alsoin1969DukeWayneportrayedRoosterCogburninTrueGritbasedonCharlesPortisnovelpublishedin1968.MargueriteRobertsadaptedthestoryforthefilm.WhenDukeWaynereviewedthescreenplayheclaimeditwasthebestscripthehadeverread.ThemoviewasdirectedbyHenryHathawayandcostarredKimDarbyandpopularsingerGlenCampbell.OvertheyearsDukewouldcastpopularyoungmalesingersinhisfilmsperhapstodrawtheyoungersetespeciallyyoungwomen.TherewasRickyNelsonFrankieAvalonFabianBobbyVintonandGlenCampbell.Nonewereknownfortheiractingchops.ThefilmdidwellattheboxofficeandJohnWaynewonboththeAcademyAwardlongoverdueandtheGoldenGlobeforBestActor.DuringhismovingOscaracceptancespeechDukesaidWowIfIdknownthatIdhaveputthateyepatchon35yearsagoThehousewaspullingfortheagingmegastarthathadbeatencancer.Dukehadbeenachainsmokerallhisadultlifeandhaddevelopedlungcancerwhichwasfoundin1964.Hehadonelungremovedandcontrarytothewishesofthepublicistshewentpublicandencouragedpeopletoquitsmokingwhichhehaddoneandtogetalungx-ray.WhowastherealpersonabehindtheJohnWaynesuperstarimageMostoftenitsnotwisetotaketheopinionofanestrangedwifehoweverPilarinhermemoirsseemedtoprovideabalancereport.Accordingtoherhisworkwashislife.Dukewasattimesstubborndomineeringandinsensitive.HoweverHecouldbethesweetestmostcaringman.Hecouldbesotender.HisdaughterMarisasharedthatHewasagreatfather.Helovedhavingkidsaroundallthetime.Hewantedustobewithhimonthesetathomeonvacationoronourboat.AnitaLaCavaSwiftTonisdaughterandhisfirstgrandchildinarecentinterviewechoedMarisasremarksHelovedkidsHegaveyouhiscompleteattentionandwouldaskyouwhatyouenjoyeddoingandwhatyourhobbieswere.IhadtheroleofFagininOliverTwistwhenIwasinthe8thgrade.Unknowntomeheshowsupfortheperformance.ThenaftereachfollowingshowIwouldgetatelegramandabouquetofflowers.AtypicaltelegramwouldreadGreatshowAnita..wouldliketotalktoyouaboutacontract.SignedLouieB.Mayer.ThenextnightitwouldbeatelegramandflowersfromsomeonelikeLouWassermanandsoon.HewasagreatgranddadEthanregardingthesubjectofhisfatherspoliticalviewscommentedTheresamisconceptionaboutmydadspoliticalviews.Hewasnotarubber-stampconservative.Hewasanindependentthinker.HehadanenormousloveforAmericabecauseitofferedsomuchintermsofopportunitiesifyouknewhowtoworkforthemandtakeadvantageofthem.MichaelandPatrickwerewithhimmostoften.PatrickoncesharedIlovedhim.Hewasagreatfather.Henevergaveadvice.AndyesIhavetoadmiteventhoughIfeltateasewithhimhecouldstillbeintimidating.HewasJohnWayneafterall.AnitasharedaparticularstorythatrelatestoPatricksobservation.HerclosestfriendinschoolwasPatthedaughterofthelegendarydirectorAlfredHitchcock.AssuchshewouldoftenhavesupperwiththeHitchcocks.OneeveningMr.Hitchcockinquiredaboutmygrandfather.Itoldhimhejustmadecowboymovies.Thedirectorinhisuniquemannerofspeakingtoldmethatmygrandfatherwasveryfamous.FranklyIwassurprisedheknewofmygranddad.Itoldmymotherthestoryandshelaughed.IalsoshareditwithmygranddadwhenIsawhimandhechuckledandsaidYesIvemetHitchafewtimes.HewasJohnWayneafterallDuringthe70sDukeforthemostpartmaintainedhisbusyschedulemakingoneortwofilmsperyear.In1970hemadeChisumandRioLobothenBigJake1971TheCowboys1972TheTrainRobbers1973CahillU.S.Marshall1973RosterCogburnwithKathrynHepburn1975andhisfinalfilmTheShootist1976.ThetwofilmsinmyopinionthatwarrantsomediscussionareTheCowboysandTheShootist.TheCowboyswasbasedonanovelbyWilliamDaleJennings.TheformertelevisionactorandarelativelynewdirectorMarkRydellsupposedlywantedGeorgeC.Scotttoplaytheagingcowbossasheopposedsomeofthewell-knownconservativeviewsofJohnWayne.HowevertheHIGHNOON22 OCTOBER2013Dukelobbiedforthepart.Theendresultturnedouttobeanentertainingfilmthankstoboththedirectorandactor.BruceDernwhohadtoshootdownrancherWilAndersenincoldbloodinfrontoftheyoungboyswascautionedbeforehandbytheDukethattheaudiencewouldhatehimforit.DernsreplyYeabuttheyllsurelovemeinBerkeley.TheShootistwasdestinedtobeJohnWayneslastfilm.Itportraysanagingpistolerowhoisdyingfromcancer.ContrarytorumorsJohnWaynewascancerfreeatthetime.Itwasalmostthreeyearslaterthathewasdiagnosedwithstomachcancer.Thatsaiditwasafittingfinalscreenappearanceduetohisreflectingonhisownlifeandknowingtheendwasnear.TheopeningmontagewhichusedfilmclipsfromJohnWaynesearlywesternswasageniusmove.TheproducersM.J.FrankovichandWilliamSelfwantedGeorgeC.ScotttoplayJ.B.Books.HoweveronceagainDukelobbiedforthepart.HeandthedirectorDonSiegelhadarelationshipwheretheycouldbeopenabouttheirdifferencesyetitwasneverpersonalandbothmadecontributionstothefilm.HoweverDuketoldthescreenwriterMilesSwarthoutwhoadaptedthenovelwrittenbyhisfatherGlendonSwarthoutthathehadtochangethescript.DukesaidMisterIvemadeover250picturesandhavenevershotaguyintheback.ChangeitAndchangeithedid.DukewasalsoabletoinfluencethecastingbybringinginJamesStewartLaurenBacallRichardBooneandJohnCarradinewhohadcostarredwithhiminStagecoach.HealsousedhisfavoritemoviehorseDollarwhohehadrodeinmanyotherfilmsincludingTrueGrit.TheNationalBoardofReviewselectedTheShootistasoneoftheTop10Filmsof1976.TheDukewaseventuallyhospitalizedforstomachcancer.Hetoldthemedicalstaffthatinordertohelpfindacureforcancertheycouldexperimentonhiminanywaytheychose.JohnWaynediedofstomachcanceronJune111979.HewasburiedatPacificViewMemorialParkinNewportBeach.Beforehediedhechallengedhisfamilytofindacureforcancer.Theyacceptedthechallenge.UponhisdeathPresidentJimmyCartereulogizedhispassingforournationandthewholeworldoverthelossofsomeoneweseemedtoknowaswellasafamilymember.ThePresidentsaidJohnWaynewasbiggerthanlife.Inanageoffewheroeshewasthegenuinearticle.Buthewasmorethanahero.HewasasymbolofsomanyqualitiesthatmadeAmericagreat.Theruggednessthetoughindependencethesenseofpersonalcourageonanoffthescreenreflectedthebestofournationalcharacter.ResourcematerialincludedJOHNWAYNETheGenuineArticleMichaelGoldmanInsightEditionsJOHNWAYNETheLegendandtheManPatriciaBosworthPowerhouseBooksTheOldCorralb-westerns.comChuckAndersonandspecialthankstoAnitaLaCavaSwiftakaFagin.GARYE.BROWNistheretiredPoliceChiefofMontereyCaliforniaAshlandOregonandSanClemente.HoweverhisavocationiscollectingwesternartandmemorabiliaincludingmanyTomMixitems.TomMixwashisfathersherosoheisGarysaswell.GarywroteanarticleonTomMixforTheNationalFilmCollectorsMagazineHollywoodStudioMagazineaswellasarecentarticleonTomMixsfinaldayforAmericanCowboymagazine.HehasalsowrittenarticlesontheWesternPhotoplaysoftheGoldenEraandlecturedontheWesternHeroesoftheSilverScreen.Hecanbereachedatmontereycowboyhotmail.comorfoundmostmorningsathissonJordansMavericksCoffeeHouseinVisaliaCalifornia...thesiteofpossiblythebestcoffeeintheworldwithwallsofvintagecowboymoviepostersandacollectionof66originalautographedphotosofyesterdayscowboyheroes.23 24SmokeSignalsNOWthruNovember242013DreamsVisionsTheAmericanWestandtheLegacyofImaginationTulsaOKNOWthruJanuary42014BasketryTreasuredTucsonAZNOWthruMarch162014CowboysRealImaginedSantaFeNMOctober11-122013CowboyCrossingsOklahomaCityOKOctober12-132013GoldenCaliforniaAntiquesShowGlendaleCAOctober18January420142013WesternTrappingonTheLlanoLlanoTXOctober19-202013CalabasasPumpkinFestivalCalabasasCAOctober202013CaliforniaCountryMoreAntiquesShowLosAltosCAOctober24201338thAnnualCowgirlHallofFameInductionLuncheonFortWorthTXOctober24-27201311thAnnualSoutheasternCowboyFestivalSymposiumCartersvilleGAOctober252013BuckarooBashCaratsCorsetsCowboysIndianapolisINNovember22013DiaDeLosMuertosHollywoodCANovember2-72013HeberCitysCowboyPoetryGatheringBuckarooFairHeberCityUTNovember5-72013TombstoneWesternMusicFestivalTombstoneAZDecember5-142013CowboyChristmasGiftShowLasVegasNVDecember13-152013MontereyCowboyPoetryMusicFestivalMontereyCADecember18April132014TheAmericanWestinBronze1850-1925NewYorkNYJanuary25-262014HighNoonShowAuctionMesaAZUPCOMINGEVENTSHIGHNOON 25OCTOBER2013DontFretAbouttheFuture-InvestinthePastHighNoonWesternAmericanaPH310.202.9010FAX310.202.9011NewsletterSubmissionssmokesignalshighnoon.comInformationinfohighnoon.comwww.highnoon.comPrivateTreatySalesAppraisalsConsignmentsAcquisitionsEstateServicesInvestmentConsultationsMissionStatementSmokeSignalsblowsyourwayfromHighNoonWesternAmericanaofLosAngelesCaliforniaproducersoftheHighNoonAntiqueShowAuctionheldeachJanuaryinMesaPhoenixArizonasince1991.Ourmagazinewasfoundedin2010fromourdesiretosharethoughtsandfactswithandfromourHighNoonfamily.WewriteaboutwhatweknowcowboyandIndianartifactshighlightdealersandcollectorstheirthoughtsandmemories.Wealsolovetofeedourreaderswithgreatrecipes.WeofferfreewesternmusicalookatfactoidsintrinsictoourinterestsgiveyouinsightintothenewestbooksandtellyouwhatisgoingonacrosstheUnitedStates.Andhopefullyweeducatealongtheway.LindaKohnSherwoodEditorSendusaSmokeSignalSmokeSignalsisforandaboutallofthewonderfulpeopleinourHighNoonfamily.IfyouhavenewsyouwanttosharehottipsonwhatsgoingonintheWesternAmericanaworldorjustasuggestionofsomethingyoudliketoseeuscoversendusanemailatsmokesignalshighnoon.comChiefPublisherHighNoonWesternAmericanaChiefEditorLindaKohnSherwoodChiefGraphicDesignerCurtisHillArtDirectionServicesChiefWriterJayneSkeJSLAMediaSolutionsHighNoon9929VeniceBlvd.LosAngelesCA90034